Get Signup Notifications In Telegram Using Auth0 Actions.

Get Signup Notifications In Telegram Using Auth0 Actions.

Adithya Sreyaj
·Jan 17, 2022·

5 min read

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Auth0 actions are so powerful that they can be used to do a lot of cool things. Here's how you can send notifications to Telegram whenever a new user signs up.

I recently worked on a small project which is a small e-commerce application built using Angular and NestJs. Auth0 is used for authenticating the users. I had a very interesting thought of adding notifications when a new user signs up. The easiest way for me was to use Auth0 Actions.

Auth0 Actions

Actions are one of the coolest features of Auth0. I love it and have used it for multiple scenarios. Actions are custom Node.js functions that get executed during certain points like User Login, Registration, etc.

Here's a definition from the docs:

Actions are functional services that fire during specific events across multiple identity flows.

Auth0 hooks allowed us to add custom logic that gets triggered when certain events happen. Actions are a more advanced version of hooks that provides more extensibility.

Official docs: auth0.com/docs/customize/actions

Action Triggers

The custom functions that we write are called by certain events. Here are the supported triggers:

Action triggers

Here are more details of when exactly these actions are triggered: auth0.com/docs/customize/actions/triggers

Implementing the Action

For our use case, we need the notification to be sent when a new user signs up. So we could use the Post User Registration trigger for our action.

1. Create a custom action

The first step is to create a new custom Action. We do that by navigating to Actions > Custom and then clicking on the Build Custom button.

Actions

We get a modal asking to give the Action a name and also select a Trigger and the Environment.

You can fill the form up with the following details:

  • Name: New User Notifications
  • Trigger: Post User Registration
  • Runtime: Node 16 (Recommended)

2. Setting up pre-requisites

Once the action is created, you can see the list of the Actions under Custom tab on the Actions Library page.

Custom Actions Page

There are a few things that we need to do before we can start writing the actual logic.

Creating a Telegram Bot

Telegram is a really powerful messaging platform that can do a lot of stuff. One of the best things about it is that we can create bots and also send messages using the Telegram Bot API .

Put a message to BotFather on Telegram

/newbot

It will prompt to you give a name. Give a name and then you'll be given the Bot Token. telegram bot.png

Now that we have the bot token, we can make API calls using the Telegram Bot API.

Ref: core.telegram.org/bots#3-how-do-i-create-a-..

Before we can send a message to the Bot, we need to get the Channel Id. For that send a message to the bot and then just paste the following URL in the browser (replace the with yours):

https://api.telegram.org/bot<bot-token>/getUpdates

You will be able to see the message details that was sent to the bot:

{
  "ok": true,
  "result": [
    {
      "update_id": 723563447,
      "message": {
        "message_id": 7,
        "from": {
          "id": 627445600, // <-- Copy this Id
          "is_bot": false,
          "first_name": "John Doe",
          "username": "johndoe",
          "language_code": "en"
        },
        "chat": {
          "id": 627445600,
          "first_name": "Jane Doe",
          "username": "janedoe",
          "type": "private"
        },
        "date": 1642266764,
        "text": "Test"
      }
    }
  ]
}

The id is the channel_id that we are going to use for sending messages.

3. Writing the Action Logic

Now that we have the things needed, let's start writing the logic. So here are the things that need to be set up in the actions.

Installing Dependencies

Actions allow us to install packages that we can use inside the function, in our case we need to make API requests to the Telegram Bot API to send messages. For that, we can install a library called node-fetch.

To do so, go to your newly created action and click on the Modules section.

Actions Modules

Note: We install node-fetch@2 explicitly because we want the CommonJs version of the library.

Adding Env Variables

Actions also have a way to keep our environment variables a secret. This is where we are going to save the Bot Token and the Channel id that we will use in the code. It's not a good idea to put them in the code as they are sensitive information.

There is a Secrets section under which we can save them. Create a secret for the token and the channel id.

Actions Secrets

Writing the actual logic

Now you can use node-fetch to make a post request to the /sendMessage API endpoint.

const request = require('node-fetch'); // <-- require the library

/**
* Handler that will be called during the execution of a PostUserRegistration flow.
*
* @param {Event} event - Details about the context and user that has registered.
*/
exports.onExecutePostUserRegistration = async (event) => {
  try{
    const {family_name, given_name} = event.user;
    await request(`https://api.telegram.org/bot${event.secrets.BOT_TOKEN}/sendMessage`, 
      {
        method:'POST',
        body: JSON.stringify({
          "chat_id": event.secrets.TELEGRAM_CHAT_ID,
          "text":`New User Signed up: ${given_name} ${family_name}`
        }),
        headers: {
          'content-type': 'application/json'
        }
      }
    );
  } catch(err){
    console.log('Failed to notify');
  }
};

Now the action can be deployed.

Ref: core.telegram.org/bots/api#sendmessage

4. Using the Action

Once the action is deployed, we can use it in a flow. To do so, navigate to the Actions > Flows Page and select Post User Registration flow from the cards.

Auth0 flow

We can find the action that we built under that Custom tab. Dragging and dropping the action to the flow does the job of activating it. The only thing left now is to just Apply the flow.

We are done setting up.

So now whenever someone signs up, you get a message in Telegram.

Notification

There are tons of cool use-cases for Actions. If you would like to see more blogs on it, do let me know.

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Do add your thoughts in the comments section. Stay Safe ❤️

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